Salient Disorders Treated
Schizophrenia and related psychotic disorders
a patient usually presents with are
Delusions: which are fixed false beliefs.
Usually patients have delusions of persecution
(false beliefs that others are trying to harm
them) and / or delusions of reference (false
belief that others are discussing about the
- Hallucinations: These are sensations
in the absence of a stimulus, for e.g. Patients
hear voices (even when alone) which discuss
about him / her
commenting about the patient's actions.
The symptoms a patient usually presents with
- Depression / low mood for most of the day,nearly
every day with little variation in mood.
- Diminished interest in pleasurable activities.
- Disturbance in sleep, appetite, weight and
- Feelings of hopelessness, helplessness,
- Recurrent thoughts about death and suicide.
- Periods of prolonged and profound depression
alternating with periods of mania when there
is excessively elevated and irritable mood,
increased energy and activity, grandiosity and
- Between these "highs" and "lows" patients
usually experience periods of full remission.
vary according to the disorder
- Panic disorder: recurrent attacks of intense
fear, breathlessness, increased heartbeat and
palpitation, sweating, tremors, dizziness, drying
of mouth, headache, etc. are the kind of symptoms
that occur during these attacks.
- Generalized anxiety disorder: excessive
and persistent worry and anxiety and feelings
of apprehension about everyday events /problems,
which can cause significant distress and socio-functional
- Phobias: Recurring excessive and unreasonable
fear and anxiety to a spe-cific feared object
or situation leading to avoidance, whenever
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Repeated, uncontrollable, unpleasant and
senseless thoughts, doubts or impulses, referred
to as obsession.
- Repeated acts are compulsions like repeatedly
checking locks or washing hands
- Obsessions and compulsions cause distress
or interfere with the person's social or individual
Stress and related disorders
As a response
to stress, patients can develop acute and transient
stress reaction, or if the stimulus is exceptionally
stressful, the patient might develop posttraumatic
- Anorexia nervosa: pathologically low weight
and weight loss behaviors.
- Bulimia nervosa: Recurrent episodes of binge
eating with compensatory weight loss behaviors.
Childhood psychiatric disorders like autism,
mental retardation, ADHD