Salient Disorders treated
The opacity or loss of transparency of the lens of the
eye is cataract, which impairs the vision. The only
treatment is surgical removal through a simple and easy
Group of diseases that can lead to damage to the eyes
optic nerve which result in blindness gradually characterized
- Loss of side vision
- Inability to adjust the eye to dark room.
- Difficulty during near work
- Rainbow coloured rings
- Frequent change of glasses
III. Diabetes Mellitus
Is a systemic metabolic disease which affects eye blood
vessels in the retina called Diabetic Retinopathy, often
has no early warning signs. At some point you may
have Macular Edema which blurs the vision making it
hard to do things like reading and driving.
Macular degeneration is defined as a disease that gradually
destroys the central area of the retina, known as the macula.
The macula transforms light waves from directly in front
of the eye into nerve signals that the brain processes into
discernable images. When the macula becomes damaged, crisp
central vision is compromised. Two most common types of
ARMD are Dry (atrophic) and Wet (Exudative)
V. Squint (Strabismus)
Strabismus (sometimes called crossed or wandering eye
or, for one eye turned outward (toward the wall), walleye)
is a disorder of the eyes involving a lack of coordination
between the muscles of the eyes. Essentially, the eyes do
not point in the same direction. This prevents bringing
the gaze of each to the same point in space, preventing
proper binocular vision, which may adversely affect depth
VI. Refractive Errors
Imperfections in the focusing power of the eye, so that
light rays are not brought into sharp focus on the retina,
causing blurred vision that can usually be corrected with
glasses or contact lenses. Nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness
(hyperopia), and astigmatism are refractive errors.
Inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction
of the tube draining tears into the nose. Symptoms include
discharge, a sticky eye, eye pain or discomfort, a red or
pink eye, swelling around the eye and tearing.
General term - inflammation of the eye. Inflammation
can be in the anterior (iritis), intermediate, and/or posterior
portion of the eye.
IX. Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR)
CSR is a condition which causes temporary or permanent
impairment of vision. The symptoms are distortion of the
visual image. It is a result of the detachment of most of
the layers of the retina (the back of the eye) from its
supporting tissue as a result of the buildup of fluid. The
buildup of fluid appears to be due to one or more small
breaks in the retinal pigment epithelium.
X. Ocular Surface Disorders
Deviating from the usual structure, position, condition,
or behavior. In referring to a growth, abnormal may mean
that it is cancerous or premalignant.
- Lid - Blepharitis (Chronic inflammation of lid margin,
two forms squamous and ulcerative)
- Stye (Inflammation of eye lid glands, painful swelling)
- Chalazion (Inflammation of meibomian gland, painless
- Conjunctiva - Inflammation (Conjunctivitis)
- Dry Eye
- Degeneration (Pterygium)
- Cornea (clear surface at the front of eye is the
main focusing element of the eye, if the cornea becomes
cloudy or scarred vision can be reduced or lost)
- Malnutrition (Vitamin A)
- Chemical burns
- Sclera - Scleritis, episcleritis (inflammation)
XI. Orbital Tumors
By definition Orbital Tumors occur in the space between
the eyeball and bony orbital walls.
Injuries to the eye, eyelid, and area around the eye.
XIII. Vitreous Hemorrhage
Bleeding into the vitreous cavity.